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Romans 3:25 - Free at last Bookmark

"And are justified — Pardoned and accepted.  Freely — Without any merit of their own.  By his grace — Not their own righteousness or works. Through the redemption — The price Christ has paid.  Freely by his grace — One of these expressions might have served to convey the apostle's meaning; but he doubles his assertion, in order to give us the fullest conviction of the truth, and to impress us with a sense of its peculiar importance. It is not possible to find words that should more absolutely exclude all consideration of our own works and obedience, or more emphatically ascribe the whole of our justification to free, unmerited goodness."  John Wesley

Must guilty man remain under wrath?  Is the wound for ever incurable?  No; blessed be God, there is another way laid open for us.  This is the righteousness of God; righteousness of his ordaining, and providing, and accepting.  It is by that faith which has Jesus Christ for its object; an anointed Savior, so Jesus Christ signifies.  Justifying faith respects Christ as a Savior, in all his three anointed offices, as Prophet, Priest, and King; trusting in him, accepting him, and cleaving to him: in all these, Jews and Gentiles are alike welcome to God through Christ.  There is no difference, his righteousness is upon all that believe; not only offered to them, but put upon them as a crown, as a robe.  It is free grace, mere mercy; there is nothing in us to deserve such favors. It comes freely unto us, but Christ bought it, and paid the price.  And faith has special regard to the blood of Christ, as that which made the atonement.  God, in all this, declares his righteousness.  It is plain that he hates sin, when nothing less than the blood of Christ would satisfy for it.  And it would not agree with his justice to demand the debt, when the Surety has paid it, and he has accepted that payment in full satisfaction.  Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

"whom God displayed publicly as a G2435propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;" (NASB)

"Whom God hath set forth to be a G2435propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;" (KJV)

"For God presented Jesus as the G2435sacrifice for sin. People are made right with God when they believe that Jesus sacrificed His life, shedding His blood.  This sacrifice shows that God was being fair when He held back and did not punish those who sinned in times past," (NLT)

"God publicly displayed him at his death as the G2435mercy seat accessible through faith.  This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed." (NET)

"God sent Christ to be our G2435sacrifice.  Christ offered his life's blood, so that by faith in him we could come to God.  And God did this to show that in the past he was right to be patient and forgive sinners.  This also shows that God is right when he accepts people who have faith in Jesus." (CEV)

"God offered him, so that by his blood he should become the means by which people's sins are forgiven through their faith in him.  God did this in order to demonstrate that he is righteous.  In the past he was patient and overlooked people's sins; but in the present time he deals with their sins, in order to demonstrate his righteousness.  In this way God shows that he himself is righteous and that he puts right everyone who believes in Jesus." (GNB)

G2435

ι?λαστη?ριος

hilaste??rios; gen. hilaste?ríou, adj. from hiláskomai (G2433), to propitiate, expiate. Propitiatory, expiatory, merciful.  Mercy seat, viewed as a subst. Used in the NT as a neut. noun.  The lid or covering of the ark of the covenant made of pure gold, on and before which the high priest was to sprinkle the blood of the expiatory sacrifices on the Day of Atonement, and where the Lord promised to meet His people.  Word Studies

"used of the cover of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies, which was sprinkled with the blood of the expiatory victim on the annual day of atonement (this rite signifying that the life of the people, the loss of which they had merited by their sins, was offered to God in the blood as the life of the victim, and that God by this ceremony was appeased and their sins expiated); hence the lid of expiation, the propitiatory.  Thayer

"An expiatory (place or thing), that is, (concretely) an atoning victim, or (specifically) the lid of the Ark (in the Temple): - mercy seat, propitiation. Strong

To be a propitiation - ι?λαστη?ριον hilaste?rion.  This word occurs but in one other place in the New Testament. Hebrews 9:5, and over it (the ark) the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat.  It is used here to denote the lid or cover of the ark of the covenant. It was made of gold, and over it were the cherubim.  Dr. Albert Barnes

Propitiation (ι?λαστη?ριον)

This word is most important, since it is the key to the conception of Christ's atoning work.  In the New Testament it occurs only here and Hebrews 9:5; and must be studied in connection with the following kindred words: ι?λα?σκομαι which occurs in the New Testament only Luke 18:13, God be merciful, and Hebrews 2:17, to make reconciliation. Ι?λασμο?ς twice, 1John 2:2; 1John 4:10; in both cases rendered propitiation. The compound ε?ξιλα?σκομαι, which is not found in the New Testament, but is frequent in the Septuagint and is rendered purge, cleanse, reconcile, make atonement.  (Marvin R. Vincent, D.D., Vincent Word Studies)

"God then is the author of that free justification, because it pleased him: and Christ is he who suffered punishment for our sins, and in whom we have remission of them: and the means by which we apprehend Christ is faith.  In short, the result is the setting forth of the goodness of God, that by this means it may appear that he is indeed merciful, and faithful in his promises, as he that freely, and of grace alone, justifies the believers."  (Geneva Bible Notes)

We can see from the Greek word definition that the translators struggle to find a single word to convey the fullness of what Christ has done for us.  He is like unto the "mercy seat"—the very place on the Arc of the Covenant where the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled by the High Priest to make atonement for sin.  In this case the Lord Jesus Christ Himself is that sacrifice and the blood is His that is the final and complete atonement for the sins of the world.  "For all have sinned" and Jesus has paid the penalty for ALL.

This then becomes the most amazing act of selflessness in the history of the universe.  We are made right with God when we by faith believe in Christ's sacrifice as an atonement for our sins.  He paid a debt we could not pay for the (our sins) the sins He did not commit so that we (his enemies) could accept a pardon we did not deserve and be made righteous in Him.

"And are justified — Pardoned and accepted.  Freely — Without any merit of their own.  By his grace — Not their own righteousness or works. Through the redemption — The price Christ has paid.  Freely by his grace — One of these expressions might have served to convey the apostle's meaning; but he doubles his assertion, in order to give us the fullest conviction of the truth, and to impress us with a sense of its peculiar importance. It is not possible to find words that should more absolutely exclude all consideration of our own works and obedience, or more emphatically ascribe the whole of our justification to free, unmerited goodness."  John Wesley

Must guilty man remain under wrath?  Is the wound for ever incurable?  No; blessed be God, there is another way laid open for us.  This is the righteousness of God; righteousness of his ordaining, and providing, and accepting.  It is by that faith which has Jesus Christ for its object; an anointed Savior, so Jesus Christ signifies.  Justifying faith respects Christ as a Savior, in all his three anointed offices, as Prophet, Priest, and King; trusting in him, accepting him, and cleaving to him: in all these, Jews and Gentiles are alike welcome to God through Christ.  There is no difference, his righteousness is upon all that believe; not only offered to them, but put upon them as a crown, as a robe.  It is free grace, mere mercy; there is nothing in us to deserve such favors. It comes freely unto us, but Christ bought it, and paid the price.  And faith has special regard to the blood of Christ, as that which made the atonement.  God, in all this, declares his righteousness.  It is plain that he hates sin, when nothing less than the blood of Christ would satisfy for it.  And it would not agree with his justice to demand the debt, when the Surety has paid it, and he has accepted that payment in full satisfaction.  Matthew Henry Concise Commentary

"whom God displayed publicly as a G2435propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;" (NASB)

"Whom God hath set forth to be a G2435propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;" (KJV)

"For God presented Jesus as the G2435sacrifice for sin. People are made right with God when they believe that Jesus sacrificed His life, shedding His blood.  This sacrifice shows that God was being fair when He held back and did not punish those who sinned in times past," (NLT)

"God publicly displayed him at his death as the G2435mercy seat accessible through faith.  This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed." (NET)

"God sent Christ to be our G2435sacrifice.  Christ offered his life's blood, so that by faith in him we could come to God.  And God did this to show that in the past he was right to be patient and forgive sinners.  This also shows that God is right when he accepts people who have faith in Jesus." (CEV)

"God offered him, so that by his blood he should become the means by which people's sins are forgiven through their faith in him.  God did this in order to demonstrate that he is righteous.  In the past he was patient and overlooked people's sins; but in the present time he deals with their sins, in order to demonstrate his righteousness.  In this way God shows that he himself is righteous and that he puts right everyone who believes in Jesus." (GNB)

G2435

ι?λαστη?ριος

hilaste??rios; gen. hilaste?ríou, adj. from hiláskomai (G2433), to propitiate, expiate. Propitiatory, expiatory, merciful.  Mercy seat, viewed as a subst. Used in the NT as a neut. noun.  The lid or covering of the ark of the covenant made of pure gold, on and before which the high priest was to sprinkle the blood of the expiatory sacrifices on the Day of Atonement, and where the Lord promised to meet His people.  Word Studies

"used of the cover of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies, which was sprinkled with the blood of the expiatory victim on the annual day of atonement (this rite signifying that the life of the people, the loss of which they had merited by their sins, was offered to God in the blood as the life of the victim, and that God by this ceremony was appeased and their sins expiated); hence the lid of expiation, the propitiatory.  Thayer

"An expiatory (place or thing), that is, (concretely) an atoning victim, or (specifically) the lid of the Ark (in the Temple): - mercy seat, propitiation. Strong

To be a propitiation - ι?λαστη?ριον hilaste?rion.  This word occurs but in one other place in the New Testament. Hebrews 9:5, and over it (the ark) the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat.  It is used here to denote the lid or cover of the ark of the covenant. It was made of gold, and over it were the cherubim.  Dr. Albert Barnes

Propitiation (ι?λαστη?ριον)

This word is most important, since it is the key to the conception of Christ's atoning work.  In the New Testament it occurs only here and Hebrews 9:5; and must be studied in connection with the following kindred words: ι?λα?σκομαι which occurs in the New Testament only Luke 18:13, God be merciful, and Hebrews 2:17, to make reconciliation. Ι?λασμο?ς twice, 1John 2:2; 1John 4:10; in both cases rendered propitiation. The compound ε?ξιλα?σκομαι, which is not found in the New Testament, but is frequent in the Septuagint and is rendered purge, cleanse, reconcile, make atonement.  (Marvin R. Vincent, D.D., Vincent Word Studies)

"God then is the author of that free justification, because it pleased him: and Christ is he who suffered punishment for our sins, and in whom we have remission of them: and the means by which we apprehend Christ is faith.  In short, the result is the setting forth of the goodness of God, that by this means it may appear that he is indeed merciful, and faithful in his promises, as he that freely, and of grace alone, justifies the believers."  (Geneva Bible Notes)

We can see from the Greek word definition that the translators struggle to find a single word to convey the fullness of what Christ has done for us.  He is like unto the "mercy seat"—the very place on the Arc of the Covenant where the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled by the High Priest to make atonement for sin.  In this case the Lord Jesus Christ Himself is that sacrifice and the blood is His that is the final and complete atonement for the sins of the world.  "For all have sinned" and Jesus has paid the penalty for ALL.

This then becomes the most amazing act of selflessness in the history of the universe.  We are made right with God when we by faith believe in Christ's sacrifice as an atonement for our sins.  He paid a debt we could not pay for the (our sins) the sins He did not commit so that we (his enemies) could accept a pardon we did not deserve and be made righteous in Him.



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