CMF eZine The online magazine of the Christian Military Fellowship. 23 December Romans 6:07 - Free At Last By Bob Flynn Romans 0 Comment Rom 6:7 For he that is dead - With Christ. Is freed from the guilt of past, and from the power of present, sin, as dead men from the commands of their former masters. (John Wesley) G1344 δικαιο?ω dikaióo?; contracted dikaio??, fut. dikaio??so?, from díkaios (G1342), just, righteous. To justify. Verbs which end in -óo? generally indicate bringing out that which a person is or that which is desired, but not usually referring to the mode in which the action takes place. In the case of dikaióo?, it means to bring out the fact that a person is righteous. (Word Study-General Editor: Spiros Zodhiates, Th.D) for he who has died is G1344freed from sin. (NASB) For he that is dead is G1344freed from sin. (NASB) For when we died with Christ we were G1344set free from the power of sin. (NLT) (For someone who has died has been G1344freed from sin.) (NET) and through Him everyone who believes is G1344freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses. (Acts 13:39 NASB) Therefore, dear brothers and sisters, you have no obligation to do what your sinful nature urges you to do. (Romans 8:12 NLT) So then, since Christ suffered physical pain, you must arm yourselves with the same attitude He had, and be ready to suffer, too. For if you have suffered physically for Christ, you have finished with sin. (1 Peter 4:1 NLT) Whom do you choose to believe? This has to be one of the most amazing (and yet either unknown or one that lives in disbelief) verses in Scripture. Why is that so? Because we have not experienced it! The "highway of holiness" (which is Christ Himself) has a ditch on either side. The first it the ditch of arrogance where we say that we can do this-we can live this life of holiness in the power of the flesh. The ditch on the other side of the highway is the ditch of passivity where we wait for the holy lightening bolt to come and change us into super-Christian before we can take another step. What shall we choose? Shall it be deception number one or deception number two? The way in the middle is the "only way!" His name is Jesus, and we must follow Him by faith. We then begin to see that faith and obedience are toes on the same foot. They must step together! We may not feel like we have a new chooser, but indeed we do! I suppose our first confession should be that we really don't want to follow or turn loose of our sinful ways. That becomes our first point of honesty and the place where the Spirit of Holiness begins to change our heart. Can you imaging? All of the power of the universe waiting to help you walk in the light of Christ! We who are dead are now ready to be led in the way everlasting! For he that is dead - This is evidently an expression having a proverbial aspect, designed to illustrate the sentiment just expressed. The Rabbis had an expression similar to this, “When one is dead he is free from commands.” (Grotius.) So says Paul, when a man dies he is exempt from the power and dominion of his master, of him who reigned over him. The Christian had been subject to sin before his conversion. But he has now become dead to it. And as when a servant dies, he ceases to be subject to the control of his master, so the Christian being now dead to sin, on the same principle, is released from the control of his former master, sin. Is Freed - The design of the apostle is not to say that the Christian is perfect, but that sin has ceased to have dominion over him, as a master ceases to have power over a slave when he is dead. That dominion may be broken, so that the Christian may not be a slave to sin, and yet he may be conscious of many failings and of much imperfection; see Romans 7. (Dr. Albert Barnes) Rom 6:7 For he that is dead - With Christ. Is freed from the guilt of past, and from the power of present, sin, as dead men from the commands of their former masters. (John Wesley) G1344 δικαιο?ω dikaióo?; contracted dikaio??, fut. dikaio??so?, from díkaios (G1342), just, righteous. To justify. Verbs which end in -óo? generally indicate bringing out that which a person is or that which is desired, but not usually referring to the mode in which the action takes place. In the case of dikaióo?, it means to bring out the fact that a person is righteous. (Word Study-General Editor: Spiros Zodhiates, Th.D) for he who has died is G1344freed from sin. (NASB) For he that is dead is G1344freed from sin. (NASB) For when we died with Christ we were G1344set free from the power of sin. (NLT) (For someone who has died has been G1344freed from sin.) (NET) and through Him everyone who believes is G1344freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses. (Acts 13:39 NASB) Therefore, dear brothers and sisters, you have no obligation to do what your sinful nature urges you to do. (Romans 8:12 NLT) So then, since Christ suffered physical pain, you must arm yourselves with the same attitude He had, and be ready to suffer, too. For if you have suffered physically for Christ, you have finished with sin. (1 Peter 4:1 NLT) Whom do you choose to believe? This has to be one of the most amazing (and yet either unknown or one that lives in disbelief) verses in Scripture. Why is that so? Because we have not experienced it! The "highway of holiness" (which is Christ Himself) has a ditch on either side. The first it the ditch of arrogance where we say that we can do this-we can live this life of holiness in the power of the flesh. The ditch on the other side of the highway is the ditch of passivity where we wait for the holy lightening bolt to come and change us into super-Christian before we can take another step. What shall we choose? Shall it be deception number one or deception number two? The way in the middle is the "only way!" His name is Jesus, and we must follow Him by faith. We then begin to see that faith and obedience are toes on the same foot. They must step together! We may not feel like we have a new chooser, but indeed we do! I suppose our first confession should be that we really don't want to follow or turn loose of our sinful ways. That becomes our first point of honesty and the place where the Spirit of Holiness begins to change our heart. Can you imaging? All of the power of the universe waiting to help you walk in the light of Christ! We who are dead are now ready to be led in the way everlasting! For he that is dead - This is evidently an expression having a proverbial aspect, designed to illustrate the sentiment just expressed. The Rabbis had an expression similar to this, “When one is dead he is free from commands.” (Grotius.) So says Paul, when a man dies he is exempt from the power and dominion of his master, of him who reigned over him. The Christian had been subject to sin before his conversion. But he has now become dead to it. And as when a servant dies, he ceases to be subject to the control of his master, so the Christian being now dead to sin, on the same principle, is released from the control of his former master, sin. Is Freed - The design of the apostle is not to say that the Christian is perfect, but that sin has ceased to have dominion over him, as a master ceases to have power over a slave when he is dead. That dominion may be broken, so that the Christian may not be a slave to sin, and yet he may be conscious of many failings and of much imperfection; see Romans 7. (Dr. Albert Barnes) Related Romans 3:25 - Free at last "And are justified — Pardoned and accepted. Freely — Without any merit of their own. By his grace — Not their own righteousness or works. Through the redemption — The price Christ has paid. Freely by his grace — One of these expressions might have served to convey the apostle's meaning; but he doubles his assertion, in order to give us the fullest conviction of the truth, and to impress us with a sense of its peculiar importance. It is not possible to find words that should more absolutely exclude all consideration of our own works and obedience, or more emphatically ascribe the whole of our justification to free, unmerited goodness." John Wesley Must guilty man remain under wrath? Is the wound for ever incurable? No; blessed be God, there is another way laid open for us. This is the righteousness of God; righteousness of his ordaining, and providing, and accepting. It is by that faith which has Jesus Christ for its object; an anointed Savior, so Jesus Christ signifies. Justifying faith respects Christ as a Savior, in all his three anointed offices, as Prophet, Priest, and King; trusting in him, accepting him, and cleaving to him: in all these, Jews and Gentiles are alike welcome to God through Christ. There is no difference, his righteousness is upon all that believe; not only offered to them, but put upon them as a crown, as a robe. It is free grace, mere mercy; there is nothing in us to deserve such favors. It comes freely unto us, but Christ bought it, and paid the price. And faith has special regard to the blood of Christ, as that which made the atonement. God, in all this, declares his righteousness. It is plain that he hates sin, when nothing less than the blood of Christ would satisfy for it. And it would not agree with his justice to demand the debt, when the Surety has paid it, and he has accepted that payment in full satisfaction. Matthew Henry Concise Commentary "whom God displayed publicly as a G2435propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed;" (NASB) "Whom God hath set forth to be a G2435propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;" (KJV) "For God presented Jesus as the G2435sacrifice for sin. People are made right with God when they believe that Jesus sacrificed His life, shedding His blood. This sacrifice shows that God was being fair when He held back and did not punish those who sinned in times past," (NLT) "God publicly displayed him at his death as the G2435mercy seat accessible through faith. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed." (NET) "God sent Christ to be our G2435sacrifice. Christ offered his life's blood, so that by faith in him we could come to God. And God did this to show that in the past he was right to be patient and forgive sinners. This also shows that God is right when he accepts people who have faith in Jesus." (CEV) "God offered him, so that by his blood he should become the means by which people's sins are forgiven through their faith in him. God did this in order to demonstrate that he is righteous. In the past he was patient and overlooked people's sins; but in the present time he deals with their sins, in order to demonstrate his righteousness. In this way God shows that he himself is righteous and that he puts right everyone who believes in Jesus." (GNB) G2435 ι?λαστη?ριος hilaste??rios; gen. hilaste?ríou, adj. from hiláskomai (G2433), to propitiate, expiate. Propitiatory, expiatory, merciful. Mercy seat, viewed as a subst. Used in the NT as a neut. noun. The lid or covering of the ark of the covenant made of pure gold, on and before which the high priest was to sprinkle the blood of the expiatory sacrifices on the Day of Atonement, and where the Lord promised to meet His people. Word Studies "used of the cover of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies, which was sprinkled with the blood of the expiatory victim on the annual day of atonement (this rite signifying that the life of the people, the loss of which they had merited by their sins, was offered to God in the blood as the life of the victim, and that God by this ceremony was appeased and their sins expiated); hence the lid of expiation, the propitiatory. Thayer "An expiatory (place or thing), that is, (concretely) an atoning victim, or (specifically) the lid of the Ark (in the Temple): - mercy seat, propitiation. Strong To be a propitiation - ι?λαστη?ριον hilaste?rion. This word occurs but in one other place in the New Testament. Hebrews 9:5, and over it (the ark) the cherubim of glory shadowing the mercy-seat. It is used here to denote the lid or cover of the ark of the covenant. It was made of gold, and over it were the cherubim. Dr. Albert Barnes Propitiation (ι?λαστη?ριον) This word is most important, since it is the key to the conception of Christ's atoning work. In the New Testament it occurs only here and Hebrews 9:5; and must be studied in connection with the following kindred words: ι?λα?σκομαι which occurs in the New Testament only Luke 18:13, God be merciful, and Hebrews 2:17, to make reconciliation. Ι?λασμο?ς twice, 1John 2:2; 1John 4:10; in both cases rendered propitiation. The compound ε?ξιλα?σκομαι, which is not found in the New Testament, but is frequent in the Septuagint and is rendered purge, cleanse, reconcile, make atonement. (Marvin R. Vincent, D.D., Vincent Word Studies) "God then is the author of that free justification, because it pleased him: and Christ is he who suffered punishment for our sins, and in whom we have remission of them: and the means by which we apprehend Christ is faith. In short, the result is the setting forth of the goodness of God, that by this means it may appear that he is indeed merciful, and faithful in his promises, as he that freely, and of grace alone, justifies the believers." (Geneva Bible Notes) We can see from the Greek word definition that the translators struggle to find a single word to convey the fullness of what Christ has done for us. He is like unto the "mercy seat"—the very place on the Arc of the Covenant where the blood of the sacrifice was sprinkled by the High Priest to make atonement for sin. In this case the Lord Jesus Christ Himself is that sacrifice and the blood is His that is the final and complete atonement for the sins of the world. "For all have sinned" and Jesus has paid the penalty for ALL. This then becomes the most amazing act of selflessness in the history of the universe. We are made right with God when we by faith believe in Christ's sacrifice as an atonement for our sins. He paid a debt we could not pay for the (our sins) the sins He did not commit so that we (his enemies) could accept a pardon we did not deserve and be made righteous in Him. Romans 8:21 - Set Free From the Bondage of Decay Romans 8:21 — Set Free From the Bondage of Decay Rom 8:21 The creation itself (autē hē ktisis). It is the hope of creation, not of the Creator. Nature “possesses in the feeling of her unmerited suffering a sort of presentiment of her future deliverance” (Godet). (WORD PICTURES IN THE NEW TESTAMENT by Archibald Thomas Robertson) That the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. (NASB) Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. (KJV) The creation looks forward to the day when it will join God's children in glorious freedom from death and decay. (NLT) That the creation itself will also be set free from the bondage of decay into the glorious freedom of God's children. (NET) From bondage to liberty. Herein lies the true concept of freedom. We often consider our freedom as an ability to do. But the Scriptural freedom is liberty, the deliverance from the oppression and bondage of corruption. The world system is a system held in corruption and it can and does entrap those who would hear the call her sirens. But the promise kept, the prayer answered, is that Christ in us is greater than the world and greater still than our fallen desires. This is not intestinal fortitude, nor anything else that can be conjured up from the flesh or the latent power of the soul. Rather it is the true and eternal God flowing like a river of living water through the valley of dry bones that moment by moment brings us back to life. And because of His glory and excellence, He has given us great and precious promises. These are the promises that enable you to share His divine nature and escape the world's corruption caused by human desires. (2 Peter 1:4 NLT) From the bondage of corruption - This does not differ materially from “vanity,” Romans 8:20. It implies that this state is not a willing state, or not a condition of choice, but is one of bondage or servitude (see Romans 7:15-24); and that it is a corrupt, imperfect, perishing condition. It is one that leads to sin, and temptation, and conflict and anxiety. It is a condition often which destroys the peace, mars the happiness, dims the hope, enfeebles the faith, and weakens the love of Christians, and this is called the bondage of corruption. It is also one in which temporal death has dominion, and in the bondage of which, believers as well as unbelievers shall be held. Yet from all this bondage the children of God shall be delivered. (Dr. Albert Barnes) The glorious liberty - Greek, The freedom of the glory of the children of God. This is, (1) “Liberty.” It is freedom from the bondage under which the Christian groans. It will be freedom from sin; from corruption; from evil desires; from calamity; from death. The highest “freedom “in the universe is that which is enjoyed in heaven, where the redeemed are under the sovereignty and government of their king, but where they do that, and that only, which they desire. All is slavery but the service of God; all is bondage but that law which accords with the supreme wish of the soul, and where commands accord with the perfect desires of the heart. (2) this is glorious liberty. It is encompassed with majesty; attended with honor; crowned with splendor. The heavenly world is often described as a state of glory; Note, Romans 2:10. (Dr. Albert Barnes) I don't really understand myself, for I want to do what is right, but I don't do it. Instead, I do what I hate. But if I know that what I am doing is wrong, this shows that I agree that the law is good. So I am not the one doing wrong; it is sin living in me that does it. And I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my sinful nature. I want to do what is right, but I can't. I want to do what is good, but I don't. I don't want to do what is wrong, but I do it anyway. But if I do what I don't want to do, I am not really the one doing wrong; it is sin living in me that does it. I have discovered this principle of life—that when I want to do what is right, I inevitably do what is wrong. I love God's law with all my heart. But there is another power within me that is at war with my mind. This power makes me a slave to the sin that is still within me. Oh, what a miserable person I am! Who will free me from this life that is dominated by sin and death? (Romans 7:15-24 NLT) But there will be glory and honor and peace from God for all who do good—for the Jew first and also for the Gentile. (Romans 2:10 NLT) Romans 6:22 - Free Slaves Rom 6:22 But now being made free from sin - As being free from righteousness is the finished character of a sinner, so being made free from sin is the finished character of a genuine Christian. And become servants to God - They were transferred from the service of one master to that of another: they were freed from the slavery of sin, and engaged in the service of God. Fruit unto holiness - Holiness of heart was the principle; and righteousness of life the fruit. (Dr. Adam Clarke) But now having been freed from sin and enslaved to God, you derive your benefit, resulting in sanctification, and the outcome, eternal life. (NASB) But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life. (KJV) But now you are free from the power of sin and have become slaves of God. Now you do those things that lead to holiness and result in eternal life. (NLT) But now, freed from sin and enslaved to God, you have your benefit leading to sanctification, and the end is eternal life. (NET) John 3:36 And anyone who believes in God's Son has eternal life. Anyone who doesn't obey the Son will never experience eternal life but remains under God's angry judgment." (NLT) The "end fruit," the culmination and completion (telos - completion as in a state of perfection) of God's plan is our sanctification and eternal life. There is no more perfect example than that of Christ Jesus Himself who yielded to the will of the Father. This is our fruit (derived benefit) of His holiness permeating every fiber of our being by His presence in our lives. We are now delivered from sin's slavery and have been transformed into slaves of His righteousness (bond slaves of Christ) who is Lord. It is hard for the American mindset to understand that there can be such amazing liberty in slavery because what our flesh really desires is freedom to do what our fallen nature desires. But as we have seen this has been described as bondage with the illusion of freedom. Only in Christ is there true liberty because our current tent of habitation is a vessel of corruption. So we wait patiently for our Lord's return when these earthly bodies will be raised incorruptible and our final perfection realized. However, the here and now is life in the Spirit who will lead us in the way everlasting. In the Greek mind the idea of freedom (eleutheroo?) was in contrast to slavery (douloo?) and was considered in the political context. Aristotle phrase this as κοινων?α τ?ν ?λευθ?ρων ,the assembly of freedom (The Theological Dictionary of the New Testament). In this sense we are now the congregation of the liberated! Romans 6:18 - Emancipation Proclamation Being then made free from sin - Ελευθερωθεντες is a term that refers to the manumission of a slave. They were redeemed from the slavery of sin, and became the servants of righteousness. Here is another prosopopoeia: both sin and righteousness are personified: sin can enjoin no good and profitable work; righteousness can require none that is unjust or injurious. (Dr. Adam Clarke) ε?λευθερο?ω eleutheróo?; contracted eleuthero??, fut. eleuthero??so?, from eleútheros (G1658), free. To make free, liberate from the power and punishment of sin, the result of redemption (John 8:32, John 8:36; Romans 6:18, Romans 6:22) (The Complete Word Study Dictionary, Spiros Zodhiates, Th.D., General Editor) and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. (NASB) Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. (KJV) Now you are free from your slavery to sin, and you have become slaves to righteous living. (NLT) and having been freed from sin, you became enslaved to righteousness. (NET) We cannot overstate the liberty that is bestowed upon the believer because it is contrasted with the total and complete bondage that is sin! I have often said that sin is like a fishhook, no matter whether you push it through our pull it out, the pain is excruciating! The concept of deliverance from this bondage to a new life in Christ Jesus at some level becomes mind boggling. Yet this is exactly what is being communicated here by the Apostle. In union with Christ we are free to become all that He has designed us to be! Will my flesh continue to strive against this liberty? Yes, but I am no longer obligate to (listen under) obey its voice! Rom 6:18 Being then made free from sin,.... Not from a sinful nature; nor from a corrupt heart; nor from vain thoughts; nor from sinful words; nor from sinful actions altogether; but from the damning power of sin: sin brought all men under a sentence of condemnation; Christ has bore the execution of this sentence in himself for his people; hence, as considered in him, they are free from it; and such as are born again have passed from death to life, and shall never enter into condemnation: likewise, such persons are free from the guilt of sin; men are in a legal sense arraigned for sin, accused of it, and being convicted, are pronounced guilty before God; and awakened souls have a sense of it in themselves; but the blood of Christ sprinkled on their consciences frees them from it; though fresh sins committed bring fresh guilt, which requires the continual application of the blood of Jesus for pardon and cleansing: but what is chiefly designed here is freedom from the servitude of sin, as appears from the context. Now God's elect are not released voluntarily by their former masters; nor is their freedom obtained by their own power and will; but it is of God, Father, Son, and Spirit; and the Gospel is generally the means of it, and happy are those persons who are blessed with it! They are rid of a bad master; are freed from the worst of bondage; will be no more servants, as before; are delivered from the power, and out of the kingdom of darkness; are heirs of heaven, and shall enjoy the glorious liberty of the children of God: and for the time present are become the servants of righteousness; servants to God, whose Gospel they obey; servants to Christ, whose righteousness they submit to; and servants to the law of righteousness, as held forth by Christ; they give up themselves to a course and life of righteousness, in which there are true honour, peace, and pleasure. (Dr. John Gill) Romans 7:06 - Delivered and Free to be Righteous But now we are delivered from the law - We, who have believed in Christ Jesus, are delivered from that yoke by which we were bound, which sentenced every transgressor to perdition, but provided no pardon even for the penitent, and no sanctification for those who are weary of their inbred corruptions. (Dr. Adam Clarke) Our old man is crucified with Him, so that it is our deliverance to die to the law. It did but condemn us, but its authority ends with the life of him who was under that authority. And being dead in Christ, the law can no longer reach those who had been under it: we belong to the new husband, to Christ risen, in order that we should serve in newness of spirit, the goodwill of grace in our new life, and — as the apostle will afterwards explain, by the Holy Ghost  — not in the bondage of the letter. (Dr. John Darby) But now we have been released from the Law, having died to that by which we were bound, so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not in oldness of the letter. (NASB) But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter. (KJV) But now we have been released from the law, for we died to it and are no longer captive to its power. Now we can serve God, not in the old way of obeying the letter of the law, but in the new way of living in the Spirit. (NLT) But now we have been released from the law, because we have died to what controlled us, so that we may serve in the new life of the Spirit and not under the old written code. (NET) We can live and still be free from the demands of the law! The God's law still exists and rules over men. But we ourselves, in Christ, died to its control. We are not lawless, but instead are joined to Him whose name is above all names that we might walk in the newness of life. This life is now motivated to service of the King an not in an old worn out way of the written statutes. So now we are dead unto sin, dean unto the law and free to serve in the Spirit! The phrase "new life" just doesn't give wings to all that we have been given to enjoy in Christ Jesus our Lord. the Ethiopic version renders it, "we are loosed from the law, and are delivered from the former doctrine"; the doctrine of the legal dispensation. (Dr. John Gill) Romans 7:02 - Death and Marriage For the married woman is bound by law to her husband while he is living; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law concerning the husband. (NASB) For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband. (KJV) For example, when a woman marries, the law binds her to her husband as long as he is alive. But if he dies, the laws of marriage no longer apply to her. (NLT) For a married woman is bound by law to her husband as long as he lives, but if her husband dies, she is released from the law of the marriage. (NET) This is a simple illustration and one should not engage in puerile fantasy when gleaning its very upfront meaning—that death dissolves all those things that bind us to the law in life. Remember that in verse 4, "You died to the power of the law when you died with Christ," we can consider that our death to the law is brought about in union with our benefactor, the Lord Jesus Christ. Paul had to be precise here by not saying that the law died, but rather our obligation to the law. We can look upon this from several aspects. If we continue the contrast from chapter six where sin is the master and we are the slave, sin did not die but the slave did. Here again we have the contrasts of two husbands represented by Christ the creator of the law and the benefactor of Grace. In one sense the law remains and the wife (us) is dead brought about by our death in Christ yet we live on. Rom 7:1-6 So long as a man continues under the law as a covenant, and seeks justification by his own obedience, he continues the slave of sin in some form. Nothing but the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus, can make any sinner free from the law of sin and death. Believers are delivered from that power of the law, which condemns for the sins committed by them. And they are delivered from that power of the law which stirs up and provokes the sin that dwells in them. Understand this not of the law as a rule, but as a covenant of works. In profession and privilege, we are under a covenant of grace, and not under a covenant of works; under the gospel of Christ, not under the law of Moses. The difference is spoken of under the similitude or figure of being married to a new husband. The second marriage is to Christ. By death we are freed from obligation to the law as a covenant, as the wife is from her vows to her husband. In our believing powerfully and effectually, we are dead to the law, and have no more to do with it than the dead servant, who is freed from his master, has to do with his master's yoke. The day of our believing, is the day of being united to the Lord Jesus. We enter upon a life of dependence on him, and duty to him. Good works are from union with Christ; as the fruitfulness of the vine is the product of its being united to its roots; there is no fruit to God, till we are united to Christ. The law, and the greatest efforts of one under the law, still in the flesh, under the power of corrupt principles, cannot set the heart right with regard to the love of God, overcome worldly lusts, or give truth and sincerity in the inward parts, or any thing that comes by the special sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit. Nothing more than a formal obedience to the outward letter of any precept, can be performed by us, without the renewing, new-creating grace of the new covenant. (Matthew Henry) Robertson says; “The analogy calls for the death of the law, but Paul refuses to say that. He changes the structure and makes them dead to the law as the husband (6:3–6). The relation of marriage is killed ‘through the body of Christ’ as ‘the propitiation’ (3:25) for us.” Translation. So that, my brethren, you also were put to death with reference to the law, through the intermediate agency of the body of Christ, resulting in your being married to another, to the One who was raised up out from among the dead, in order that we might bear fruit to God. (Wuest's word studies from the Greek New Testament : For the English reader) In this passage he used the illustration of a husband and wife to show that the believer has a new relationship to the Law because of his union with Jesus Christ.…But in Paul’s illustration from marriage, it was the husband who died and the wife who married again. If you and I are represented by the wife, and the Law is represented by the husband, then the application does not follow the illustration. If the wife died in the illustration, the only way she could marry again would be to come back from the dead. But that is exactly what Paul wants to teach! When we trusted Christ, we died to the Law; but in Christ, we arose from the dead and now are “married” (united) to Christ to live a new kind of life! (The Bible exposition commentary) How can we legally be free from the Law? (Rom. 7:1–3) Paul turned to marriage for an illustration. A married couple is bound to each other under the Law until one of them dies. The death of a partner frees both, so that the living partner is free to remarry. Our union with Jesus is a real union too, so when He died we were legally released from any obligation to the Law. God considers us to have “died to the Law through the body of Christ” (v. 4), and so to be free from any past obligation to live “under” it (6:14). (The teacher's commentary) To match the Christian experience of dying to sin and living to God, Paul used an illustration in which someone is set free by death, but still lives. Jesus Christ acted both as the husband in the believer’s bondage to the law and as the new and living husband in righteousness. The human illustration requires two husbands to make its point. But the great truth of Romans 7 is that Christ is at the same time the one husband who dies to the state of bondage and the one who brings his bride, the church, into a new state of freedom. Romans 6 shows that believers are dead to sin; Romans 7 shows they are dead to their old relationship to law. (Tyndale concise Bible commentary) When a woman is married to a man, she is bound to that man until he dies. Then she is free to marry again. Before we met Christ, we were bound by the Law and condemned by it. The Law, however, did not “die” when we were saved; instead, we died in Christ. We are no longer “married” to a system of regulations; we are “married” to Jesus Christ, and the Law has no control over us. Read v. 4 again and again and absorb its wonderful message. Our old “husband” has no control over us: we are in a wonderful new relationship through and in Christ. When we were lost, the Law triggered the “arousings of sin” in our old nature, and this produced death (v. 5). But now we are delivered from the Law and can serve Christ in newness of the Spirit, not in the oldness of the letter (v. 6). (Wiersbe's expository outlines on the New Testament). 7:1–6 Freed at last, from bondage to blessing. In a further effort to illustrate our freedom in Christ, Paul compared the law, with its tendency to make us want to sin (7:5), to a demanding husband. As long as the husband lives, his wife is bound to him; when he dies, she is free to marry another. Likewise, the law and the sinful desires it arouses have no more claim over the believer; he or she is now free to be united with Christ (7:4; compare John 3:29; Eph. 5:25–27; Rev. 21:2). (Willmington's Bible handbook) Comments are closed.