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Romans 5:19 - Innocent NOT Bookmark

Rom 5:19 As by the disobedience of one man many (that is, all men) were constituted sinners - Being then in the loins of their first parent, the common head and representative of them all.  So by the obedience of one - By his obedience unto death; by his dying for us. Many - All that believe.  Shall be constituted righteous - Justified, pardoned.  (John Wesley)
The foundation of this whole comparison is this, that these two men are set as two heads or roots, so that out of the one comes sin by nature, and from the other righteousness by grace springs forth upon others.  So then, sin enters not into us only by following the steps of our forefathers, but we receive corruption from him by inheritance. (Geneva Bible Translation Notes)
For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. (NASB)
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. (KJV)
Because one person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be made righteous. (NLT)
For just as through the disobedience of the one man many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man many will be made righteous. (NET)

The substance of our life becomes apparent in that we sin (through acts of commission) unveiling the true character of what is inscribed upon our chromosomes, our genetic disease.  However, our propensities are not an excuse, nor can we claim innocence and charge our guilt to Adam.  Descendents of a corrupt clay we display our bricks do not withstand the test of righteousness.

This verse is not a mere repetition of the former, but it is an explanation. By the former statements it might perhaps be inferred that people were condemned without any guilt or blame of theirs.  The apostle in this verse guards against this, and affirms that they are in fact sinners.  He affirms that those who are sinners are condemned, and that the sufferings brought in on account of the sin of Adam, are introduced because many were made sinners.  Calvin says,”Lest anyone should arrogate to himself innocence, (the apostle) adds, that each one is condemned because he is a sinner.”  (The same objection which was stated against a previous quotation from Calvin applies here.  The reformer does not mean that each is condemned because he is actually a sinner.  He affirms that the ground of condemnation lies in something with which we are born, which belongs to us antecedent to actual transgression.) (Dr. Albert Barnes)
 
Rom 5:19 As by the disobedience of one man many (that is, all men) were constituted sinners - Being then in the loins of their first parent, the common head and representative of them all.  So by the obedience of one - By his obedience unto death; by his dying for us. Many - All that believe.  Shall be constituted righteous - Justified, pardoned.  (John Wesley)
The foundation of this whole comparison is this, that these two men are set as two heads or roots, so that out of the one comes sin by nature, and from the other righteousness by grace springs forth upon others.  So then, sin enters not into us only by following the steps of our forefathers, but we receive corruption from him by inheritance. (Geneva Bible Translation Notes)
For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. (NASB)
For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. (KJV)
Because one person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be made righteous. (NLT)
For just as through the disobedience of the one man many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man many will be made righteous. (NET)

The substance of our life becomes apparent in that we sin (through acts of commission) unveiling the true character of what is inscribed upon our chromosomes, our genetic disease.  However, our propensities are not an excuse, nor can we claim innocence and charge our guilt to Adam.  Descendents of a corrupt clay we display our bricks do not withstand the test of righteousness.

This verse is not a mere repetition of the former, but it is an explanation. By the former statements it might perhaps be inferred that people were condemned without any guilt or blame of theirs.  The apostle in this verse guards against this, and affirms that they are in fact sinners.  He affirms that those who are sinners are condemned, and that the sufferings brought in on account of the sin of Adam, are introduced because many were made sinners.  Calvin says,”Lest anyone should arrogate to himself innocence, (the apostle) adds, that each one is condemned because he is a sinner.”  (The same objection which was stated against a previous quotation from Calvin applies here.  The reformer does not mean that each is condemned because he is actually a sinner.  He affirms that the ground of condemnation lies in something with which we are born, which belongs to us antecedent to actual transgression.) (Dr. Albert Barnes)
 


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